An Agreement Prohibiting Trade

Investment Agreement 12, which enters into force at least two years after this agreement between a national authority13 of a contracting party and a covered investment or investor of the other party, comes into force: public procurement was initially removed from the scope of the main multilateral trade rules opening up market access. The general agreement on tariffs and trade in 1947 explicitly excluded public procurement from the main national processing obligation. More recently, government procurement has been removed from the main obligations of the General Agreement on Trade in Services. Given that government procurement accounts for between 10 and 15% of GDP, this is an important gap in the multilateral trading system. 1 This article does not address the question of whether digital products should be considered goods or services. 2 In the event of a change to Article XIV of the GATS, this article is amended, if necessary, after consultation with the parties. 3 For greater security, this article applies to balance-of-payments measures imposed on goods exchanges. 2. In order to ensure that measures relating to certification requirements and procedures, technical standards and licensing requirements are not unnecessary barriers to trade in services, each party endeavours, where appropriate, to ensure that all measures adopted or maintained by each sector are as follows: 4. Each party does everything in its power to ratify or adhere to the following conventions. , in accordance with its domestic law.

(a) bilateral trade effects where the contracting parties have not effectively enforced the legislation; Create clear and mutually beneficial rules for their trade; 5. Paragraphs 1 and 2 do not apply to tariff enforcement measures or other taxes levied for or related to importation, to the methods of collecting such duties and import conditions, including restrictions and formalities, or to measures relating to trade in services, with other measures specifically applicable to public procurement under this chapter. (7) This agreement should not be construed as limiting a party`s right to restrict the importation of textile and clothing products in accordance with the textile and clothing agreement or the safeguard agreement. However, no contracting party may take or maintain emergency measures under this article against a textile product or clothing subject to a safeguard measure taken by a party under such an agreement. 4. The Commission sets out its rules and procedures. All Commission decisions are taken by mutual agreement. The modes of transmission of data under the relevant provisions of the agreement are telex, telegram and fax. The agreement recognizes that its provisions do not take into account the rapid use of information technology in public procurement. In order to ensure that it does not stand in the way of technical progress in this area, the agreement calls for regular consultations in the Committee on the Evolution of Information Technology and, if necessary, negotiations on the amendments to the agreement itself (Article XXIV:8). As a result of these negotiations, in accordance with GPA Article XXIV:7 (1994), negotiators reached an interim agreement in December 2006 on the text of a revised agreement providing for the use of electronic instruments in the procurement process.

(11) In civil proceedings relating to copyright infringement, copyright infringement and infringement, each contracting party provides that its judicial authorities have the authority to order the seizure of alleged goods and materials and objects used to manufacture such goods, if any, in order to avoid further infringement. 3. Where a party has a well-founded presumption of illegal acts related to its legislation or import provisions, the contracting party may require the other party to provide specific confidential information, which is normally provided by the other party with respect to the importation of goods related to commercial transactions

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